This project is a joint collaboration of the JHU Global Water Program, the Center for Water and Health, and the Center for Communication Programs in the JHU Bloomberg School of Public Health. The purpose of the project is to increase water access and improve hygiene and sanitation practices in rural communities in India. Funded by Safe Water Network, JHU is leading a strategy development phase that will allow the project to plan the implementation of Small Water Enterprises (SWEs) at scale. The potential capacity of SWEs in the developing world to reach vulnerable populations that have not yet benefitted from piped water systems represent a valuable opportunity to improve the availability of potable water to large numbers of impoverished populations. In several contexts in the developing world, community water kiosks such as the SWEs have gained increasing attention as critical players capable of delivering solutions. The project in India includes the development of an electronic Water and Health data base that will allow analysis related to water conditions and the water market in India. It also comprises an assessment of legal and policy issues related to water, as well as community and environmental assessments that will be used to identify optimal strategies for implementation of SWEs at scale as well as technology and community factors that will increase the chances of project sustainability.